Rudkhan Castle (Qaleh Rudkhan ) is the name of a fort or historical castle that was built on the forested heights of Fuman city. This fort has an area of 2.6 hectares with 65 towers and fortifications and a wall with a length of 1500 meters. Rudkhan Fortress is located 30 km from Fuman city in Gilan province.
Some experts have considered the construction of Rudkhan Castle during the Sassanid era and at the same time as the Arab invasion of Iran. During the Seljuk period, this castle was rebuilt and was one of the Ismaili fighting bases. During the Safavid period, this fort was rebuilt by one of the rulers opposed to the Safavid government.
Rudkhan Castle is located at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level in the heart of Gilan forests. Every day, many tourists come to visit this castle and the green and forested nature around it.This castle is located in the forest heights of this area and to access the castle, you have to go up the slope of the forest mountain. For this purpose, the access road to the castle has been prepared as a stepped road.
Rudkhan Castle has a appearance similar to European historical military fortresses, and due to the humidity of this region, the stone walls of the castle are covered with moss, which has given it a beautiful view.
Rudkhan Castle consists of two parts: the citadel (the residence of the ruler and his harem) and Qorkhaneh (the place of military activities and the lives of soldiers). The citadel is located in the western part of the building on two floors and is made of brick. The Qorkhaneh in the eastern part has two floors with numerous skylights and openings around it to master enough around. There is also a spring in the castle on its deepest place.
The eastern part of the castle includes an entrance gate, a prison, an emergency gate, the baths and the catchment area. The western part has a gate. A spring, a pond, a reservoirs, a cold storage, bath, royal room and several residential units that are surrounded by towers and fortifications, make up the other buildings of this section.
Forty watchtowers surround the castle, whose octagonal rooms are covered with domed arches. Sloping openings can be seen around the walls and towers, which are built for pouring molten material and firing . It should be noted that throughout the history of the castle, it has never been penetrated by an enemy and has not been able to conquer it.
Due to the large number of tourists who come to this area, a large local and open market has been created downstream of the castle, which is spectacular in its kind.