Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque (built in 1602-1619 AD) is one of the historical and well-known mosques in Isfahan, on the eastern side of Naghshe Jahan Square and belongs to the Safavid era. This mosque is a masterpiece of architecture and tiling of the 11th century AH, which was built by master Mohammad Reza Isfahani, one of the famous architects of that period. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is named after one of the great scholars of the Safavid era, Sheikh Lotfollah Jabal Ameli, one of the great scholars of the Safavid period. He was a resident of Jabal Amel in Lebanon who, like Sheikh Baha’i and some other scholars, emigrated from Lebanon to Iran by Shah Abbas. On the other hand, Sheikh Lotfollah was the father-in-law of Shah Abbas the great.
The tile decoration of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is covered with mosaic tiles inside. Also, inside and outside the dome, which is one of the most beautiful domes in the world, is covered with exquisite mosaic tiles. The inscriptions of this mosque are written by Alireza Abbasi and another calligrapher named Baqer Banna. This mosque is not similar to other mosques because it has no minaret and no entrance nave or courtyard, and its entrance has stairs.