In a three-day program, we visited the beauties of a part of Gilan province.
First we visited the beautiful city of Lahijan and then we went to Spili village and Deylman region, 60 km south of Lahijan. Then we visited the village of Damash, where a species of wild lily flower grows, and finally climbed Dorfak Peak in a nature trek.
The beauties of Lahijan
Lahijan is one of the big cities in Gilan province and its people speak Gilaki language. The Sepid Rud River flows west of Lahijan. Lahijan is located in the foothills and has a humid and rainy climate and is surrounded by forests around the city. Now the hills around the city are covered with green tea fields.
Lahijan is one of the most touristic northern regions of Iran due to its natural attractions. Among the natural attractions of Lahijan, we can mention Lahijan pool, Sheytan Kuh (Mountain Devil) and the Green Roof of Lahijan.
Lahijan Pool and Sheytan Kuh
Lahijan Pool is a 17-hectare lake in the heart of Lahijan city, which is surrounded by a beautiful park, and on the road around the lake, which is two kilometers long, you can see hiking and running and morning sports by the people of Lahijan. The lake has a beautiful island that is connected to around by a wooden bridge.
Sheytan Kuh is a green and forested hill in the southeastern part of Lahijan, that is, where the heights of Lahijan start from that area. To climb the Green Roof of Lahijan (Bam-e Sabz), you must start your hiking first from the Shetan Kuh.
A beautiful artificial waterfall has been built in the small mountain of Sheytan Kuh, the water of which flows into the lake of Lahijan pool, which is located just below it.
The view of the lake (Lahijan Pool), especially from the Green Roof of Lahijan (the heights above Sheytan Kuh), is very beautiful.
The construction of Lahijan pool dates back to the Safavid period.
Lahijan Tea Museum (Kashif-o Saltanah Tomb)
The Lahijan Museum, which is also the anthropological museum of this city, has been set up at the tomb of Kashif-o Saltanah in Lahijan.
The name Lahijan is associated with green tea plantations. But it is interesting to know that tea has only been cultivated in Iran for a little over a hundred years. Kashif-o Saltanah learned about the British-owned Indian tea-growing industry and established tea cultivation in Lahijan.
Historic Titi Caravansary, eerie and moss-covered
At first glance, it seems You have come to one of the ruined castles of Europe, because all the walls of the caravanserai are made of rubble that is placed on top of each other and moss has grown between them. A green castle resembling the historic and mossy castles of humid Europe.
Of course, the roof of this caravanserai is made of brick and mortar, but it is also green and covered with moss.
This building dates back to the Safavid era.
Lounak waterfall, a good place to relax on the way
At a distance of 25 km from Siahkal road to Deylaman and while crossing the road through the Sihkal forests, we reach a small waterfall called Lounak waterfall.
Lounak waterfall is not very watery and not very high. It is suitable for a short stop in the way especially since there is a grocery store and a teahouse near the waterfall.
Spili, a village with a dreamy nature
Spili village is one of the villages of Deylaman region in Gilan province. Spili village with beautiful and flowery nature and in a relatively high area among the Alborz mountains, is a summer area for the people of Lahijan and Siahkal. Here is a village with colorful gabled landscapes in a paradise area full of flowers and greenery. Spili is located at an altitude of over 2000 meters above sea level and has a pleasant temperate mountainous climate. Spili people speak Gilaki.
Spili tourism season is the same as spring and summer when you see many beautiful wild flowers in the valley near the village. You will see the beautiful green forests and pastures with a walk upstream of Spili and you can see anemone flower plain in a few kilometers of Deylman village near Spili.
Susan-e Chelcheragh, wild lily flowers in Damash village
Susan-e Chelcheragh (Lilium ledebourii) flowers are a rare species of beautiful and captivating lily flowers that grow wildly only in limited parts of northern Iran. Near Damash village in Gilan province is one of the places where this lily flowers grow in a not so wide area. This area is fenced and has a guard to protect this rare flower well.
The flowering season of Susan-e Chelcheragh lily flowers is in the first half of June. These flowers shine in the dark of night and that is why they are called Chelcheragh (means chandelier).
Google map link of Damash village, a place of growing Lilium ledebourii (Susan-e Chelcheragh)
Climbing Dorfak peak from eastern front
Dorfak mountain in Gilan province with an altitude of 2733 meters above sea level has the most beautiful ascent routes among the mountains of Iran.
The northern and western slopes of Dorfak are covered with forests of Siahkal region and the southern and eastern slopes of this mountain are covered with plains and beautiful summers.
To climb Dorfak, two routes can be used on the western and eastern fronts of this mountain.
To climb the eastern front of Dorfak, you have to go to the village of Shah Shahidan village, and then by crossing the beautiful plains of the region and crossing the Arbnab forest, you will reach a dirt road that will take you to Dorfak peak with its winding path. While climbing this route, you will see beautiful views of the plains and pastures.
Nomads at the Dorfak Peak
Dorfak Mountain is probably the only relatively high mountain on the top of which huts have been built and nomads live there in summer. A dirt road has been built from the summit to the foot of the mountain on the eastern front of the mountain, which is used for the passage of nomads.
Ice cave at the Dorfak peak
Dorfak is a dormant volcanic mountain and at the top there is a large and circular hollow area, which is the volcanic bowl of the mountain. There is also a cave in this mountain peak, which has a natural glacier in it in all seasons of the year. The herdsmen and nomads who live in the Dorfak peak bowl in summer use the snow and ice inside this cave to store their drinking water.